Anton Sundberg

PhD candidate

Department of Economics
Uppsala University

Institute for Evaluation of Labor Market and Education Policy (IFAU)


About me

I am a PhD candidate at the Department of Economics, Uppsala University. I currently work at the Institute for Evaluation of Labor Market and Education Policy (IFAU). 

My main research interests are in labor economics and my current work focuses on the topics of parenthood, immigration, and education.

I am affiliated with the Uppsala Immigration Lab (UIL) and the Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS). I am also a guest PhD student at the Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI) at Stockholm University. In the fall of 2021, I was a Visiting Fellow at Harvard University. 

Job Market Paper

The Fatherhood Earnings Penalty in Sweden: Evidence, Trends and Child Gender

Abstract: This study examines the impact of parenthood on men's labor market outcomes using annual income data spanning 1960 to 2021 in Sweden. Employing an event study design, I find a discernible fatherhood penalty for the most recent cohorts of men, in contrast to earlier cohorts that experienced a fatherhood premium. The observed penalty is due to a short-term reduction in labor supply (primarily due to the use of paternity leave) and enduring effects of lower wages and hours worked. The size of the penalty varies with the use of paternity leave and across regions in Sweden, but this variation largely disappears when socioeconomic factors are held constant. Moreover, I show that the fatherhood penalty is higher for men having sons relative to daughters and child gender corresponds to 11% of the long-run fatherhood penalty.

Working Papers

Recent Migrant Peers and the School Performance of Incumbent Students with Demid Getik and Anna Sjögren 

Abstract: We study the impact of exposure to recent migrants and asylum seekers on compulsory school students in Sweden from 2008 to 2022, an environment with a particularly high migrant and refugee population. We use administrative student registers with data on school assignments and test scores for all Swedish compulsory school students. Using a combination of school and family fixed effects, we find a small positive effect of exposure to recent migrants on the academic performance of native students, but signs of negative effects on students with immigrant background. Reductions in class size and differential impact on resources available to native and immigrant student are suggestive mechanisms. An event study analysis of the more acute exposure to refugees during the 2015—2016 refugee crisis, corroborates the main finding of small positive effects on student outcomes of recent migrant exposure.

Origin, Norms, and the Motherhood Penalty with Olof Åslund and Arizo Karimi

Abstract: We explore the effect of gender equality norms and shared institutional and economic contexts on the size of the motherhood penalty, studying child migrants and children of immigrants in Sweden. While there are results pointing to a robust negative association between the gender equality rank of the region of origin and the labor market impact of parenthood, the overall picture is more one of similarity across highly diverse groups. Within-household reductions in female earning shares are not systematically related to gender equality background. Patterns for estimated fatherhood penalties signal the potentially group-specific impact of parent related restrictions and methodological concerns related to differential selection into parenthood at different ages.

The Labor Market Impact of a Taxi Driver's License with Mounir Karadja

Abstract: We study the economic effects of gaining access to the taxi labor market. Comparing individuals who pass the necessary written exams for a taxi license with those who have not yet done so, we find that immigrants increase their monthly earnings by nearly 50 percent between 1 and 3 years later, reducing reliance on social insurance programs. Natives experience smaller benefits at approximately 10 percent. Recently arrived immigrants reap the largest benefits, suggesting their outside options are limited, leading to a greater impact from taxi driving on their earnings. 

Writing in Swedish

Få men fler kvinnor inom svensk nationalekonomi (with Elin Sundberg), Ekonomisk Debatt (Journal of the Swedish Economic Association), No. 4, 2018.


Teaching Assistant, Microeconomics III (PhD level course), Uppsala University, 2020, 2021. 

Seminar Teacher, Macroeconomics (BSc level course), Uppsala University, 2019/2020. 


MSc Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, 2016–2018.

BSc Business & Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, 2013–2016.

© 2023 Anton Sundberg